It contains information about convictions from Luxembourg criminal courts and, under certain conditions, foreign courts. For a person with a clear criminal record, access to it is free and they may access it by email or post.
For those with convictions, a fee applies and should present personally to the City Criminal Court for their extract. Requests can be made in writing if outside the country or in person at the Malta Police Headquarters in Floriana. According to Conduct Certificate Ordinance,  Chapter 77 of the Laws of Malta,  a court order is required to issue a Conduct Certificate of someone other than the person which it refers to.
Information contained in the Conduct certificate includes a declaration of whether the person is in good conduct or a declaration containing the convictions recorded against the person. In Malta there is provision under the Probation Act for conviction to be removed from the criminal record. Criminal records are kept for a maximum of 10 years. Malta has recently introduced a sex offenders register. The legislation which enacted the introduction of the register is the Protection of Minors Registration Act The application will then be heard in court.
The Act states that it is a criminal offence to employ a registered person into an entity which deals with education, care, custody, welfare or upbringing of minors. Technically spoken all Dutch people do have an empty criminal record. A criminal record will be created after sentencing because of a violation or crime. The record will exist for 5 years in case of violations or 20 years for crimes.
If the sentence is three years of imprisonment or longer, 30 years will be added at the time the criminal record will be stored. A traffic violation according to the Mulder law will not be stored in a criminal record, unless there will be a trial. Normally the traffic fine is given by a police officer, and the payment is generally done by banking.
There won't be a trial, nor an addition in a criminal record. In case of sexual crimes article b the criminal record will be destroyed after 80 years. For a person to be eligible to join certain professions, it may required that the person not have a criminal record or to pass an ethics review based upon the nature and seriousness of any past convictions.
Professions that may not be open to those with criminal records or serious convictions include legal practice, teaching, and law enforcement. A foreign national with a criminal record may be prevented from getting a visa to enter the country. The VOG will be given if the person:. There is a criminal register for the Netherlands. The Netherlands took part in the Network of Judicial Registers pilot project, with 10 other countries, exchanging information on criminal records electronically. This was brought about in order to reduce the manual labour associated with the previous system.
Judicial Documentation Data can be requested firstly by the individual involved.
Within four weeks, the individual can be told verbally of the information included in the Judicial Documentation. The law prohibits the provision of written information. If necessary for state security purposes, the information can be refused.
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Judicial data can be given to: Court officials for use in court proceedings, staff members at the office of Public Prosecutor, the Board of Procurators General, individuals and agencies not involved with criminal procedure if they serve a public function and if it serves the public interest. Conduct Certificate is a statement by the Minister of Justice, that there are no objections to the individual in question practicing a certain profession or occupying a certain position.
Judicial data on criminal offences are kept for 30 years after the criminal sentence has become irrevocable. Extensions can occur for non suspended prison sentences, mental hospital orders and youth detention. Data involving Minor offences are stored until five years after the irrevocable settlement of the case — extended to ten years if the individual was sentenced to prison or community service. Eighty years after the birth of the individual, all data is removed. A sex offenders register under the name of ViCLAS Violent Crime Linkage Analysis System  allows for links to be made between national and international crimes and possible offenders.
Data is not removed until 20 years after death of individual in question. In New Zealand , criminal records are administered by the Ministry of Justice. Under the Criminal Records Clean Slate Act , records are automatically hidden from the public for less serious offences, if the individual has had no convictions for at least seven years and meets the other criteria of the act.
An individual can request either their current Clean Slate or complete criminal record through the Ministry of Justice, or provide authorisation for a third party e.
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It is illegal, with some exceptions, for a third party to request a complete criminal record. Article 7 1 further states that data is only accessible to persons who fit certain criteria. Data can only be transferred to other entities, such as other law enforcement agencies, if their data protection meets the same standards, and if it is necessary for the public interest, or for the establishment of a legal claim Article 47 4.
As per the Act on the National Criminal Register , the length of time an outcome remains on the National Criminal Register is as follows:. The exception to this is where an individual is convicted of a sexual offence against a minor under the age of 15 years; in these circumstances, the conviction remains on the National Criminal Register permanently. The National Criminal Register also includes information on collective entities or publicly registered organisations. A person can obtain a copy of their criminal history from the National Criminal Register, by contacting the central information office of the KRK in Warsaw , or information points of the KRK located within Polish common courts.
An employer may also apply directly for disclosure in relation to a prospective employee if this is permitted under Polish laws or regulations for example, in relation to employment in the security industry or employment involving contact with children. The written consent of the individual is not required.
The National Criminal Register Information Office provides individuals and employers with disclosure in one of two formats: as an Inquiry about an Individual "Zapytanie o udzielenie informacji o osobie" in the event that no disclosable convictions are found; or a National Criminal Register's Information about an Individual "Informacja o osobie z Krajowego Rejestru Karnego" in the event that disclosable information exists.
Poland also participated in the pilot project for 'Network of Judicial Registers', along with ten other EU member states, for the electronic exchange of criminal records among member states. For example, an employer may request to see their possible employee's criminal record with their consent.
However, the application must be made in person. An extension of this is a more detailed certificate regarding an individual's criminal activities which provides evidence for an individual to be employed in a job where they have access to large sums of cash, need high security clearance or supervise children. The types of criminal convictions that can be exposed through the publishing of the certificate are very similar to that of the United Kingdom and are presented below:.
Portuguese legislation allows for all criminal convictions to be removed from an individual's record once the rehabilitation period has passed. It is determined as follows:. Essentially this legislation allows individuals to move on from their convictions and ensure that they are not socially and economically disadvantaged for the rest of their lives after serving their crimes.
However, the governing legislation is only available in Portuguese. A very contentious aspect of this legislation is that those that commit heinous, sexually based crimes have their records expunged on the same time frame as all other individuals convicted. This legislation issue was brought into the spotlight during the media coverage of the Madeleine McCann case. Law No governs the disclosure of criminal records in Romania. Police stations gather and keep the records of conviction status of individuals born in Romania, and it is their responsibility to keep these records up-to-date.
This type of criminal record disclosure is named the Criminal Records Certificate. These Certificates contain personal information including full name, unique identification number, date and place of birth, most recent address, name of parents, and the details of the committed offence, rehabilitation and extradition information. To obtain access to a criminal record, an individual must apply directly to the local county police station in person.
If the application is approved, results are issued in the form of a Criminal Records Certificate by the Central Inspectorate of the Romanian Police. Only the individual person is allowed to apply for their own record; however, a third-party individual may submit an application only if they have been authorised power of attorney. Judgements are able to be removed from an individual's criminal record if the legislation decriminalising the act for which the person has been sentenced is passed, in the event of amnesty or court rehabilitation, and for imprisonment of up to 3 years after 20 years from the date of the final decision.
There is a centralised criminal record system, there is only one centralised database where the final criminal conviction issued by a Slovak criminal court is registered.
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This database is in electronic form and is maintained a unit within the General Prosecutors office of the Slovak Republic. The relevant legislation for this is governed by the Act on Criminal Records.
Although this database is not public, applications for a criminal records disclosure can be made to the DCREM, anyone who has lived in Slovenia for a significant amount of time may apply for the disclosure of a particular criminal record. Although perspective employers cannot request a copy directly from the DCREM, they must request this from the perspective employee.
The longer the prison sentence served the longer the conviction remains on the record, up to 15 years. If a conviction is 15 years' imprisonment this shall never be removed from the criminal record. However, if the conviction is removed, then all rights are given back to the person in question, as if the conviction had never been received at all. The Central Criminal Records Registry is not publicly accessible and therefore very few public agencies and no private agencies have access to it.
This has been confirmed by the New Penal Code Art. Therefore, the Central Criminal Records Registry is only accessible to judges, public prosecutors and the judicial police for investigative purposes. Other cases where direct access can be granted include: Guardia Civil for gun permits and border control police. Besides judges, prosecutors and some police agencies, only the recorded subject may request a copy of their personal Conviction Record.
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In Spain, conviction records are not 'expunged' as they are not erased completely but rather are 'cancelled' in a process known as 'cancelling a conviction record'. Therefore, judges will still be aware of the records but they disregarded as an aggravating factor when sentencing.
Once conviction records are cancelled, the individual will possess a clean criminal record. Therefore, the record of their convictions will be sealed in the Central Criminal Records Registry and is likely made unavailable to the police. To cancel a conviction record the following requirements under Penal Code 47 art. To cancel a criminal record, the individual either makes a free of charge formal request to the Ministry of Justice or the Central Criminal Records Registry cancels the record itself.
In Sweden , the police has a record of convictions "Belastningsregistret". It does not contain arrests, and its information is not available for general public, even regarding serious crimes. Individuals can ask for a copy of their own record once per year, or against a fee anytime. For employment involving children or for security guards etc. Regular employers more and more often require applicants to get a record copy themselves and give the employer. The number of requests for own copies increased from 40, to , between and Sweden is one of the countries with the largest databases of criminal records, containing some of the oldest population statistics in the world.
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